Friday, August 14, 2015

Bible Study Notes in Zechariah- Chapter 14

Zechariah 14


-The final chapter of this great book emphasizes the end of times and gives specifics as to the daily lives and what will happen in Jerusalem’s eschaton. The time sequences do not seem to be chronological in the prophecy. The spoil taken from them will be divided among them. All the nations will gather against the Holy City to battle. The city will be captured for a while with houses plundered, women ravished, and half of the population of Jerusalem exiled. However, the rest of the city will not be cut off, and the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations that come against His people. “In that day His (Messiah) feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east; and Mount of Olives will be split in its middle from east to west by a very large valley, so that half the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south (Zechariah 14:1-4).” The inhabitants of Jerusalem will flee by the valley to Azel in the beginning wilderness area just east of Jerusalem. The people had fled in this direction during the time of King Uzziah as well. Then the LORD will come, and His holy ones with Him (Zechariah 14:5)! These are events that seem to be during the tribulation period. There will be no light in this day, which I believe refers now to the New Jerusalem following the millennial reign (Zechariah 14:6-7, Revelation 21:1-2, 23-22:7). In that day “living waters will flow out of Jerusalem” towards both the east and the west in both summer and winter (Zechariah 14:8).

-“In that day” the LORD will be the only King over all the earth, which I believe goes back in chronology to the millennial period. His Name will be ultimately supreme and the land will be changed into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem; however, Jerusalem will remain on its site and rise from the Benjamin Gate as far as the place of the First Gate to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the king’s wine presses (Zechariah 14:9-10). People will inhabit it with no longer having to deal with God’s curse. Jerusalem will live in complete security. Now going back in time further to the era of tribulation, plagues will devastate those who have gone to war against His Holy City in an attempt to bring about its downfall. “Their flesh will rot while they stand on their feet, and their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their tongue will rot in their mouth (Zechariah 14:11-12).” There is no way Zechariah could have foreseen a time when this was actually possible, but we know the effects of atomic and nuclear power and how these things can really occur. A great panic, as you can imagine, comes upon these enemies of God as He sends His fury. Violence will occur with each other as they fruitlessly attempt to combat the Holy One. Judah will be embroiled in the battle at Jerusalem, and the wealth of the nations will come as a gathering place to duke it out. When it is all said and done, and I believe this involves the millennial Kingdom of Christ (Revelation 20:2-7), the ones who are left from the nations will go up from year to year to worship King Jesus, the LORD of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths (Leviticus 23:34-36, Zechariah 14:13-16). No rain will fall on those who disobey this command to come to Jerusalem and worship the LORD yearly. Egypt is mentioned in particular here since they were the ones who enslaved the Hebrew people necessitating the reason for the Feast of Booths during Israel’s wilderness wanderings (Zechariah 14:17-19). “In that day” the bells of the horses will render the phrase “HOLY TO THE LORD.” And the cooking pots in the LORD’s House will be like the bowls before the altar. In fact every cooking pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to the LORD, and all who come to sacrifice to the LORD will come and take of them and boil in them. In other words, His holiness is open to all the nations to come and partake of His goodness. There is longer no a distinction between the holy and the common since all is now declared holy before the LORD as the curse is removed. Also, “There will no longer be a Canaanite in the House of the LORD of hosts in that day (Zechariah 14:20-21).” The Canaanite represented idolatry and false religion. God had commanded the Hebrews to annihilate them when they originally came back into the Promised Land under Joshua (Exodus 23:23-25, Joshua 24). Sadly, they had been left as a remnant and infiltrated the Jewish culture leading to Israel and Judah’s own depravity, idolatry, and exile. Now that the Messiah is in charge, no corruption to His power and authority remains.

-*Application* In summation, Zechariah gives us a sweeping panorama of world history and what is to come for the glorious Kingdom of God. His hope should be our hope as we see the hastening of the Day of the LORD. His enemies will be dismantled, His justice, mercy, and love will rule. Better days are ahead after the tumult. Keep trusting Him and praying for souls to come under His grace. Messiah Jesus is coming back, and He will correct all that has gone wrong with this sinful world!


Verse to Memorize: Zechariah 14:4

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