Monday, September 30, 2013

Bible Study Notes in 1 Chronicles- Chapter 5


1 Chronicles 5

 

-This chapter entails the history lineage of the tribes of Reuben (the first born of Israel, but not the owner of the birthright [Joseph] or the prevailing [Judah], 1 Chronicles 5:1-2), Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh (who was Joseph’s son, the other half consisted of Ephraim). These tribes settled on the eastern side of the Jordan and were eventually carried away to the north and east with the Assyrian exile never to come back to the land because of their idolatry forsaking the LORD (1 Chronicles 5:25-26). However, this, as we see in the text, was not always the case. They at one time were strong men of valor and sought after and trusted God for wisdom and direction in battle (1 Chronicles 5:20). God at that time was with them in triumph, and they enjoyed many years of stability and success (1 Chronicles 5:22). *Application* We see here in this passage the case for a just war. In verse 22 there is clear evidence that there are times when war is “of God.” Not that the LORD loves war or destruction; He is a God of love. But, there are times when evil must be stopped and the good must advance on the enemy. These wars serve His purpose and ultimate fulfillment in the Kingdom of God. God in His sovereignty knows the heart of man and will at times call for the shedding of blood that is guilty before him as we see in this passage.

 

Verse to Memorize: 1 Chronicles 5:22

Friday, September 27, 2013

Bible Study Notes in 1 Chronicles- Chapter 4


1 Chronicles 4

 

-The lineage of the tribes of Israel continues in this chapter focusing primarily on the tribes of Judah, Ashur, and Simeon. There are many names and a few brief descriptions. One of the most notable was Jabez (1 Chronicles 4:9-10). He is described as more honorable than his brothers, even though he was born with great pain to his mother. He is heroically noted for his prayer in calling out to God for blessings, enlarged territory, the presence of God, and for safety away from the pains of this world. And God granted him what he requested. *Application* These things are certainly available to us as well as we pray to our Heavenly Father in supplication. God wants to bless us and enrich our lives in every way (John 10:10). He wants to enlarge our dominion and influence so that we can impact this world with His gospel and glory. He wants us to know that He is “Emmanuel (God with us)” and that we can abide in Him (John 15). He is our protector (Psalm 121:7) in a wicked and perverse generation that does not seek after Him. We have security in the LORD when we simply ask. Amen!

 

Verse to Memorize: 1 Chronicles 4:10

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Bible Study Notes in 1 Chronicles- Chapter 3


1 Chronicles 3

 

-The family line of King David is given in this third chapter. Here we see the successors to the Judean throne. Their profiles are described in more detail in other parts of Scripture as we move through the Chronicles, as well as the book of Kings, and other places in the Word of God. David’s line is vitally important because of the promise God gave through the prophet Nathan in 2 Samuel 7.  "Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever (2 Samuel 7:16)." The Davidic line is the Messianic line of Jesus Christ (Matthew 1:1-16, Luke 3:23-38). This is the promise of eternal dominion that endures before the LORD forever realized in the prophecy of Daniel as well (Daniel 2:44). *Application* God’s promises are accurate and completely true 100% of the time. The Bible records how faithful God is in every sense to His Word. Do you count on the faithfulness of God to carry you through your life? You can, and He will see your complete destiny through as well!

 

Verse to Memorize: 1 Chronicles 3:9

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Bible Study Notes in 1 Chronicles- Chapter 2


1 Chronicles 2

 

-Interesting facts about the genealogy of Israel are described in this informational chapter of Scripture. His sons are again listed and their story is detailed more in the book of Genesis (Genesis 29:32-50:26) with some individual profiles. Judah is singled out as the ancestor of David. His firstborn, Er, was described as wicked in the sight of the LORD, which meant that the LORD put him to death (1 Chronicles 2:3). This is all we know of this man thousands of years later. Through Tamar, Judah’s daughter-in-law (Genesis ), Perez was born. Hezron was Perez’s son from which Boaz eventually came (profiled in the book of Ruth). Another interesting figure in this line of Judah was Nahshon, who is described as the leader of the sons of Judah (Numbers 1:4-7). Boaz is the grandfather of Jesse, who was chosen of God to produce the next king of Israel following the demise of Saul (1 Samuel 13:13-14). This was the seventh son of Jesse, David, who was anointed by the prophet Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13). The rest of the chapter outlines a myriad of family lines and peoples.

-*Application* We can see from this historical perspective the legacy and overarching traits of certain people. What do you want to be known for now and several thousand years from now? The answer to this question should affect how we live. Don’t live your life like Er, where the LORD destroys you because of your wickedness in His sight. Rather, seek to be like Nahson, a leader and standout during the time of Moses and the Exodus. Or, be like Boaz, who was a righteous man who had pity on the stranger and the poor and through this came the great king of Israel and man after God’s own heart, David (1 Samuel 13:14). Lets learn from these historical examples.

 

Verse to Memorize: 1 Chronicles 2:1

Monday, September 23, 2013

Bible Study Notes in 1 Chronicles- Chapter 1


1 Chronicles 1

 

-This book was written Jewish tradition tells us by Ezra to unify God’s people in the post exile period of the Southern Kingdom of Israel in approximately 430 BC. Therefore, it is a general summary of the history of Israel primarily concerned with tracing the Davidic line of authority in an attempt to unify the people of God by emphasizing true and genuine worship of the LORD for individual and national life. 1 Chronicles parallels 2 Samuel in many respects, but it serves as more of a commentary from a priestly point of view emphasizing the religious history of Judah with some involvement with the Northern Kingdom of Israel. It is general in terms and gives a overarching picture of the LORD’s work in the nation of Israel for our knowledge and understanding. It, along with 2 Chronicles, could possibly be the last work chronologically in the Old Testament, which increases its value and importance.

-The book begins with a detailed genealogy of mankind and eventually traces through to the Davidic line. Adam is recorded and the line of Seth is followed up through Noah and his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth. From here we note that Canaan comes from the cursed line of Ham (Genesis 9:20-27). We also can note from where the Philistines came out of this line, along with the Jebusites, Amorities, and others of biblical significance. Next, the line of Shem are delineated, from which Abraham came with his sons being Isaac and Ishmael. From here we get a recounting of Isaac’s sons Esau and Israel with the focus at the end of chapter one being on Esau’s side of the lineage.

-*Application* It is important to get a sense from where you came from. This helps define who you are, but it is not the determining factor in your destiny. God can turn any lineage into a positive one by the act of your faith and obedience to His commands. If you have a checkered past, break any generational strongholds and conform to the image of Christ. He wants to bless you and your future generations (Exodus 20:3-6).

 

Verse to Memorize: 1 Chronicles 1:28

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 40


Exodus 40

 

-Moses erects the tabernacle on the first day of the first month in their second year of release from Egyptian captivity (Exodus 40:17). He, again as we saw in chapter 39, accomplished the work just as the LORD commanded and it was anointed and consecrated unto Him. Everything was in its place and the glory of the LORD could now indwell this perfectly completed vessel. As the book of Exodus ends, God’s presence was with them, and when He moved, they moved, when He stayed, they stayed (Exodus 40:36-37). *Application* This we can note is a picture of the Christian life completed in the work of Jesus Christ in His perfect life, substitutionary death on the cross, burial, and resurrection. Receiving Him completes us and finishes the tabernacle of our lives anointing and consecrating us for His abiding presence within us. We see the indwelling power of the Holy Spirit in this typology. He is the One who moves and directs us in the paths that we should travel in His will and plan. When He says stay, we should stay; when He says go, we should go. He directs, guides, teaches, and leads as He is always with us (paraclyte, John 14:26; 15:26; 16:7). Therefore, we should view this passage as a picture of the Spirit-filled life of the believer. God has established a New Covenant initiated by the blood of Jesus Christ and indwells us, His children, to will and to work His good purposes (Jeremiah 31:31-34, Luke 22:20, 2 Corinthians 3:6, Philippians 2:13, Hebrews 12:24).

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 40:38

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 39


Exodus 39

 

-The garments meant for ministering in the holy place were outlined and detailed unto the completion of the work done “as the LORD commanded.” This phrase is repeated nine times in the chapter, which should alert us to the importance of it. *Application* How critical is it to carry out the LORD’s commands in our life? Often we know what God is calling us to do. It is very clear in His Word, yet we neglect Him and His demands. Blessing is in the following of the LORD’s commands. It is no coincidence that the chapter ends with Moses’ blessing of the children of Israel due to their completion of the work that God had assigned. Whatever God has called you to do, do it with all your might and increase in it (Deuteronomy 6:5, Matthew 22:37-40, Colossians 3:23, 1 Timothy 4:14-15, 2 Peter 1:13). There will be peace in your good conscience towards your Heavenly Father as you obey His imperative commands. This is not what saves us for eternity (the work of Jesus Christ does that), but it is what blesses us on this earth by ensuring proper fellowship with our Maker.

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 39:32

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 38


Exodus 38

 

-The work is now completed on the tabernacle by the hands of Bezalel, Oholiab, and the rest of the skilled workman that gave their talents and abilities and treasures for the commanded project. A detailed account is given as to the dimensions and details of the diverse aspects of the tabernacle and it courts. This chapter focuses on the altar of burnt offering made of acacia wood and overlaid with bronze along with all its needed utensils and d├ęcor. The court was also detailed with its pillars, curtains, sockets, and screens. There were exact numbers for all the supplies in gold, silver, and bronze. A number of those men who passed over were also given twenty years old and upward. 603,550 men give us the enormity of the camp group Moses had direction over. *Application* The sense of accomplishment in a completed task that God has assigned is phenomenal. I’m sure these men were overjoyed at the success of this project as everyone pitched in and gave what they could to complete the project. Whatever projects or visions you have before you, keep in mind the end goal and work hard to accomplish the things God has set before you to complete. He has no pleasure in those who do not follow through and finish the work (Hebrews 12:1-2). Be a finisher!

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 38:21

Monday, September 16, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 37


Exodus 37

 

-The work on the furniture for the tabernacle headed up by Bezalel is depicted for our information here in chapter 37. The ark, the mercy seat, the two cherubim (angelic depictions), the table (with its untensils, dishes, pans, bowls, and jars), the lampstand, and the altar of incense were all covered with pure gold in their instructed dimensions. Along with these the holy anointing oil and incense spices were made as the work of a perfumer. *Application* What strikes me is how everything was covered in the purest of gold. This reminds of our future with Christ in the New Jerusalem with streets of pure gold (Revelation 21:21). This will be a beautiful sight as one can imagine. In this present age the city of Jerusalem is adorned with beautiful pale, meleke and dolomitic limestone as old as the earth. Its foundation walls, ancient buildings, as well as modern masonry are all this white stone that was mandated throughout the city in all new structures in 1918 by British law. This requirement has remained in effect to this day and creates a uniform appearance in the holy city that is splendid and breath taking. The only noticeable variation to the limestone (which makes up nearly all sidewalks and steps as well) is the dome of the rock, which is covered in gold. This dome shines forth as the dominant center piece of the city where the Temple once stood (and will stand again). This shining gold is to me a glimpse into what will make up the New Jerusalem in God’s glory and radiance when He comes and makes things completely perfect.

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 37:1

Sunday, September 15, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 36


Exodus 36

 

-The craftsmen get down to the nitty-gritty of working on the tabernacle here and the work proceeds unhindered because of their willing heart and spirit. They do all that the LORD commanded and He blessed their work.

-The people continued to bring freewill offerings of the supplies that they needed for the work. In fact there was an over abundance and the decree went forth not to bring any more because the resources were more than sufficient to perform all the work they needed to do. *Application* It is a beautiful thing when God’s people get united for a project of Kingdom proportions. There is an energy and passion when the LORD gives us a mind for His purposes (Philippians 2). This necessitates us dying to ourselves and living in the greater work of His will (Galatians 2:20, Colossians 1:27).

-The remainder of the chapter details the construction process.

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 36:7

Saturday, September 14, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 35


Exodus 35

 

-Now we see the working out of the things God had commanded in the tabernacle construction. The people had a gracious and giving nature to bring in all that was needed to accomplish the large task of providing a material sanctuary that the LORD could dwell in during their journey through the wilderness. Whoever’s heart was moved and stirred brought a freewill offering of all that was required for the tabernacle. Many times the text refers to their hearts in regards to their willingness in the contribution. *Application* We know that the LORD loves a cheerful giver (2 Corinthians 9:7). This is the great requirement when it comes to our contribution to Him and His work. This is not only treasure (i.e. money, valuables, etc.), but our time and talent. Notice how Bezalel was given the Spirit of God in wisdom, understanding, knowledge, and all craftsmanship (Exodus 35:31).  He used his gifts and abilities for the work of the LORD as he was designed to do. Not only that, but he taught others to fill them with the skills needed to accomplish the work. God places in us incredible creative abilities and inventive work. We should have a heart to use these talents for His glory and praise. Be a giver!

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 35:21

Friday, September 13, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 34


Exodus 34

 

-The Two Tablets of the Covenant and God’s Ten Commandments are given again to Moses on top of Mt. Sinai and reestablished here in chapter 34. The LORD’s proclamation concerning Himself is important here. “The LORD, the LORD God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generation (Exodus 34:6-7).” This phraseology is often repeated in the Word of God and gives us a true picture of His nature. He is patient; He is kind. But, He is also just and demands our recognition and repentance (a turning away from sin) for forgiveness. *Application* Psalm 32 best describes what our response should be to a loving God who wants proper relationship and fellowship with His created children. This is also Moses’ response when he hears the words of the LORD. He quickly bowed low to the earth and worshipped the King of kings. He begged His favor and presence not just for himself, but also for his people. He was an intercessor.

-God renewed His covenant because of His great grace and mercy. Let us never forget His kindnesses. He was exacting and clear, but He also was flexible. He made a way back to Himself when it was certainly not required of Him. *Application* Over and over in Scripture we see the nature of God being One who gives multiple chances to come to Him and submit to His authority. He is forbearing with us when we grieve and quench His Spirit within us. Take time today to come before him as Moses did and worship this forgiving Sovereign who loves us soooo much!

-God again gives warning as to His exclusivity. He is attempting to prepare His people so that they do not make covenants with the enemy, which would become a snare and a means of stumbling in their faith (Exodus 34:12). God is called by the Name Jealous (Exodus 34:14). *Application* He does not want to play the harlot with any other gods (Exodus 34:15-16). In other words, our faithfulness to Him alone is required and expected. Our worship is to be centered on Him only. The god of this age is often money. Has this god become a snare to your obedience to Him? Has it enslaved you because of your allegiance to it? Jesus said plainly, “No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one, and love the other, or else he will hold to one, and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon (money) (Luke 16:13)." When Jesus said this before the Pharisees, He was scoffed at and ridiculed by the money lovers (Luke 16:14). How will you receive this word today?

-Finally, Moses was filled with brilliance in radiant glory by being in the presence of God. His light shone on all who observed him as he came back to the people to the point that he had to place a veil over his face because it scared the people (Exodus 34:30). He would take off the veil when talking with God, but put it back on in the presence of the assembly. *Application* Our light should also be shining as “a city set on a hill (Matthew 5:14-16).” Jesus is the true Light and in Him we see clearly (John 8:12). He is the One who gives us illumination. Allow His Light to shine in you so that all you come into contact with will have a chance to see and know Him.

 
Verses to Memorize: Exodus 34:5-7

Thursday, September 12, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 33


Exodus 33

 

-The LORD tells Moses that it is time to depart from the Sinai area where they had been venturing toward the land of promise. God had taken care of the business He needed to and would lead them out after He replaced the two tablets that Moses broke (Exodus 34). He promised he would send forth His angel to drive out the enemies of Israel: the Canaanite, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite. This Promised Land would be a land flowing with milk and honey, the sustenance they would need to live.

-God, however, related He would not go in their midst anymore because they were “an obstinate people” and He would “destroy them on the way (Exodus 33:3).” This broke the people’s hearts and they went into mourning and gave up all their ornaments. This was a demonstration of brokenness and repentance. God did go with them and would meet with Moses face to face outside the camp in the tent of meeting. Whenever Moses would enter the tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance, and God would speak with Moses. This awesome sight would cause the children of Israel to rise and worship the LORD at their own tent entrance. *Application* God again we see is in the relenting, compassionate business. He made flexible agreements with His people to stay close to them. Thank the LORD today that He will never leave us or forsake us even when we are unfaithful to Him. His love never ends!

-It is interesting that Joshua continually stayed in the tent of meeting. This was more than likely primarily a guarding occupation that he was taking up. It was a continuation of his development as a military and spiritual leader of the people.

-Favor becomes the theme as the chapter crescendos. Moses does not want to move at all unless he knows the LORD is with them by His presence. He wants to be shown the glory of the LORD in all His radiance (Exodus 33:18). The LORD does show His servant His back as He covers with His Hand until His front side passes by. *Application* God has His ways of showing us just what He desires. Even though Moses was enabled to speak face to face with his King and Sovereign there were limits to seeing the glory of the LORD. Again we see the mystery and intrigue of following this Majesty. From our perspective we will never fully comprehend His ways. They are higher than ours. However, the fact remains that He was gracious and compassionate revealing parts of Himself and giving blessing and favor and His presence to His chosen people. He will do that with us as well in an even more powerful way through His Holy Spirit in this age of the New Covenant.

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 33:13

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 32


Exodus 32

 

-This important chapter of Scripture involves the saga of the golden calf and the obstinate children of Israel at the foot of Mt. Sinai. The people grew impatient with the return of Moses, who was up on the mount for 40 days and nights with the LORD (Exodus 24:18). They assembled around Aaron and wanted him to make them an object of worship since they had no idea what had happened to Moses. They gathered gold, and Aaron fashioned a molten calf with a graving tool and called it the god who lead them out of Egypt proclaiming a feast to the LORD for the next day. This was understandable when we consider the nature of man and the culture that these individuals lived in. In Egypt, ultra popular gods were Hapi (Apis) and Hathor, which were thought of as a bull and a heifer. This would appeal to the Israelites because of their work with livestock in Goshen. In Canaan, where they were headed, the primary form of worship revolved around Baal, who was also thought of as a bull. Baal was a sacred symbol of power and fertility and was closely related to immoral sexual practices. It would have been natural for the people to turn away from a God that they could not see to a form of god they worshipped in ignorance made of gold, which was tangible and understandable. They quickly forgot the God without a face and His command just given them about not making an idol, or “any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth (Exodus 20:4).” *Application* Our conceptions of God can easily be swayed in the same direction if we are not careful. We must stay on the straight line of Scripture (the cannon) to gain our understanding of the LORD. We can easily venture off the straight and narrow into man-made constructions of who and what God is. Anything that deviates off of what the Bible gives as the truth of who God is will lead into idolatry. If we are not careful we can be persuaded to follow the gods of this age and culture. These are misrepresentations of who God really is. Trust in His Word; it is the truth as to who the actual God is. Don’t make a form of god in your own image. The problem is that the Israelites, like ourselves, wanted to figure God out and comprehend Him. This is impossible other than His Divine revelation. In many ways we will never figure God out and comprehend Him on this side of heaven. This is a good thing because He is above us, His creation, in every way.

-God knew they had corrupted themselves in turning away from His recent commands that they said they would follow (Exodus 24:3). God called them obstinate and His anger burned against them to the point He was going to destroy them and rebuild His nation through Moses. I believe this was simply a test to see Moses’ response. The prophecies of the LORD would have to remain intact. He had promised the Messiah through Judah’s line of which Moses was not (Genesis 49:10). Moses’ response was correct and cooled the anger of God, yet when he saw the apostasy for himself his anger burned equally as strong. The important point here is that God relented from His anger. Here is a translation issue that I believe many well intentioned translators misrepresent. The term, which is primarily translated “relented, repented, or changed his mind” has the meaning actually of “compassion, feeling sorry for, and taking pity” in the Hebrew (check any Hebrew lexicon, Exodus 32:12, 14). This gives us a better description of what was happening in the mind of the LORD as He dealt with the disobedience of His people. They deserved harm. They had transgressed His commands and were under His just wrath. They were worshipping falsely and were engaging in pagan forms of celebratory feasting that could be termed almost as being an orgy. This is what the term often translated “rose up to play,” or “revelry” is all about (Exodus 32:6). *Application* God has every right to destroy us when we rebel against His authority and transgress His ways. Thankfully for us, He is a God who is gracious and compassionate taking pity on us when we sin (Exodus 34:6, 2 Chronicles 30:9, Nehemiah 9:31, Psalm 103:8, Joel 2:13, Jonah 4:2 to name just a few instances of this phrase). This is the heart of God. His mercy endures forever! Thank You Jesus!

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 32:14

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 31


Exodus 31

 

-Here in this chapter we see some interesting and completed thoughts and writings in the arenas of craftsmanship and rest. God completes His speaking with Moses on the mountain and gives him the stone tablets of the testimony, which were written by His finger.

-God uses the gifts, talents, and abilities in His precise callings. He calls by name Bezalel from the tribe of Judah and Oholiab from the tribe of Dan as skilled craftsmen to do the work of the tabernacle. They would need great artistry in the prescribe designs of gold, silver, bronze, cutting stones for settings, carving of wood in all the different requirements for God’s place of worship. Nothing was left out. All the things the LORD commanded for tabernacle worship are listed here for these men and their helpers are appointed to them for completion. These are the men that carry out the work and bring glory to God through the skills that He had blessed them with. *Application* There is certainly no unimportant part of the body of Christ. He gifts and ordains each part of it (1 Corinthians 12, Romans 12, Ephesians 4:1-15, 1 Peter 4:10-11). Recognize and embrace the giftings that the LORD has endowed you with for His Kingdom work (1 Timothy 4:14).

-Rest is the final key component that the LORD reiterates with His servant Moses. The Sabbath rest is to be surely observed as a sign between God and His people throughout all generations for the purpose of them knowing that it is He who sanctifies (sets apart, purifies). It is holy to the people and is punishable by death or being cut off from the society if they profane or disregard it. This also reiterates the six days of creation as being literal. On the seventh day God rested from His labor as a completed-good work and was refreshed (Genesis 1:31-2:3, Exodus 31:17). *Application* Too often we want to strive and strive and strive. Even when we may be doing good and needed work in the Name of the LORD, we can become burned out and exhausted. God’s prescription is abundantly clear. We need that time of refreshing each week that we set apart as holy, reflecting on Him and doing no intensive work. Take the time each week to get your proper spiritual, mental, physical, and emotional rest. Recharge so that you stay sharp in the work that you are doing in continuity and with endurance. At times we may even need sabbatical type rests to refocus and abide in the LORD. Nothing is more important than tuning in to His voice and His plans for us. If we are not careful in our modern-busy society, we will get too bogged down in the minutia and totally miss the bigger, more important things that the LORD intends for our lives. Take thought to how God renews you through His periods of rest in your life. Also, appreciate the times of rest and reflection He gives you and do not fret over what is not being done. God is in control and will work even when we sleep (Psalm 127:1-2).

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 31:18

Monday, September 9, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 30


Exodus 30

 

-The descriptions and activities of the alter of incense, the incense itself, the washing laver, and the anointing oil along with a census ransom contribution are given here in this 30th chapter of Exodus. The incense shall bring a soothing aroma to the LORD daily in front of the veil near the Ark of the Testimony in front of the mercy seat. *Application* Ephesians 5:2 says, “and walk in love, just as Christ also loved you, and gave Himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma.” 2 Corinthians 2:14-16 adds, “But thanks be to God, who always leads us in His triumph in Christ, and manifests through us the sweet aroma of the knowledge of Him in every place. For we are a fragrance of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing; to the one an aroma from death to death, to the other an aroma from life to life. And who is adequate for these things?” Once again we see the Tabernacle requirements reflected in the Christian life as the New Covenant takes shape under the authority of Jesus Christ and His work. Giving Christ our lives and presenting Him to others is the sweet aroma He desires in us.

-With the ransom contribution we see that all are on an equal footing. It brings to my mind Acts 10:34, Galatians 3:28, and 1 Corinthians 12:13. God shows no partiality. There is no way the rich man can buy off God and the poor cannot avoid paying his ransom. *Application* Thank the LORD that Jesus Christ paid our ransom for sin on the cross. His blood purchased our redemption with the Father. All to Him we owe!

-The laver of bronze for the washing depicts the cleanness with which we must enter the holy place of God. *Application* Again, it is Jesus Christ who washes all our sins away and allows us to boldly approach the throne of God for our time of need (Hebrews 4:16).

-The anointing oil represents the Spirit of God’s covering for His most holy place. This again consecrates the activities of the priests in the work of the LORD. *Application* The Holy Spirit must permeate all we do in the Name of the LORD. Without His presence we are doing things in our own human strength. This is never what God wills or has designed.

 

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 30:10

Sunday, September 8, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 29


Exodus 29

 

-The commands for consecration, ordination, and anointing the priests of the LORD are given here in this chapter. There are specific rules and guidelines that are to be followed for proper order and designation of the holy place where the LORD would meet with His people. The key factor is that He is the LORD their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt (slavery, a metaphor for sin and the lost and dying life before Christ’s salvation). God would dwell with them as their LORD. This is absolutely significant and necessitates a solemn set of rituals to purify the holy place. *Application* What do we do to consecrate our lives before God? He has expectations for us that our laid out for us in the Scriptures. He expects us to abide by these good precepts for wisdom, success, favor, and blessing. Shunning the Word of the LORD has disastrous consequences in our lives. Pay attention to what He tells you to do for the sake of obedience and proper fellowship with Him. You won’t regret it even though there may be pain in the offering; persecution and testing are what I am referring to here. God desires to dwell with us just as much as He did when the children of Israel. Let Him walk beside you through His Holy Spirit. You’ll experience the most amazing things in life! He is our comforter, counselor, convictor, illuminator, enabler, and helper (Acts 1:8, John 14:26). This is the abundant life that the LORD wants you to have in Him (John 10:10).

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 29:46

Saturday, September 7, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 28


Exodus 28

 

-God outlines the holy garments for Aaron, and his sons, to wear as priests before the LORD. These robes, tunics, ephods, turbans, and sashes were for the glory and beauty of worship in the presence of the LORD so that they could minister unto God consecrated and set apart. *Application* We know that it is the heart that God is most concerned about and this consecration was to be an outward demonstration of an inward reality. Sadly, we see in the course of Israel’s history there were many times that the outward appearance did not match up with the inward reality (Jeremiah 32:32). God looks ultimately at the heart and will judge us not on what we present outwardly, but what the inner man truly is (1 Samuel 16:7, Proverbs 27:19, Jeremiah 17:10, Luke 6:45).

-The stones of the ephod are interesting in eschatology. The foundation stones of the New Jerusalem closely resemble these precious stones laid out here for the priests (Revelation 21:19-20). This to me demonstrates the glory and beauty of what God is preparing. The LORD is amazing in splendor and radiance and will bestow all good things in His glory to His people.

-The names of the tribes of Israel are to be worn as a memorial. God wanted His people to always remember and honor the history of His works and power that He demonstrated in setting the captives free. This was a simple but effective way to do that.

-The names of the sons of Israel were to be carried in the breastplate of judgment over the heart of the priest when they entered the holy place. They, the priests, carried the judgment of the sons of Israel over there heart before the LORD continually. They were anointed, ordained, and consecrated as ministering priests before God (Exodus 28:41). *Application* This once again points to the ultimate high priest, Jesus Christ, who daily bears our burden of sin before the LORD (Psalm 68:19). He, like the priests of old, was the “go between” with the Father to bridge the gap between the holy and the profane. The priests bore the judgment so that the people would not have to die. This is the propitiation that Christ gives us as believers in Him (Romans 3:25, Hebrews 2:17, 1 John 2:2; 4:10).

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 28:2

Friday, September 6, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 27


Exodus 27

 

-The bronze alter and the courtyard measurements and requirements for the tabernacle are outlined in this chapter. The bronze alter would be the first thing one encountered when entering the tabernacle courtyard. This was the place where sacrifices were made. Its presence was a constant reminder to the people that the only way they could come before God was through a sacrifice. *Application* Paul tells us in Romans 12:1-2 that by the mercies of God we are to present our bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable unto God. This is the radical transformation that comes with the initiation of the new covenant ratified in the blood of Jesus Christ by His death, burial, and resurrection (Hebrews 8:6-9:28). The Savior’s once and for all time sacrifice releases us from the penalty and burden of sin when we accept it by faith into our lives. This changes us from a sinful-separated state with the Father into a union, which is sealed by the Holy Spirit (Ephesians 4:30). The Spirit transforms us into saints, making us servants and soldiers of the most high God conforming more and more into His image (Romans 1:1, Philippians 2:25, 2 Timothy 2:3-4). This process is what the Bible calls sanctification (Romans 6:19-23, 2 Thessalonians 2:13, Hebrews 12:14). Thank God for His incredible grace to sacrifice Himself so that we could have eternal life with Him! He bought us with a price (1 Corinthians 6:20).

-The other consideration in this passage for us today is the continual burning of the lamp required from evening to morning as a perpetual statute throughout the generations for the sons of Israel. The priests, Aaron and his sons, had this responsibility. *Application* Light as we know illuminates. The pure olive oil is representative of the Holy Spirit and the gifts and graces He gives us as believers. He, the Holy Spirit, is the One who illuminates our understanding of God through His revealed Word. God’s tabernacle in our world today is the church, the body of believers in Jesus Christ (who is the Head). We are to light the world with the message and knowledge of the Almighty to those who are lost and dying (Matthew 5:14-16). Go light your world with the love of Christ!

-Again, all these components of the God’s design in the tabernacle are pointings and tutors to our new covenant life in Christ Jesus helping us understand our roles and responsibilities in Him.

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 27:1

Thursday, September 5, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 26


Exodus 26

 

-The curtains and boards for the tabernacle are described in great detail for us in this chapter. Fine twisted linen of blue, purple, and scarlet material made up the curtains and veils, the work of skillful craftsmen. There were curtains made out of goat hair curtains and rams’ skins with a covering of porpoise skins above. Acacia wood made up the boards fitted together and standing upright for the sides and corners of the tabernacle.

-The veil description and the layout between the holy place and the holy of holies are given. The shape of the tabernacle accurately makes the shape of a cross from the western top to the eastern bottom. This is not just ironic; it is a pointing to the Deliverer who would come and tear down the veil of separation between God and man. This Deliverer was none other than Jesus Christ, our blessed redeemer.

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 26:30

Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 25


Exodus 25

 

-The LORD gives Moses instructions for the tabernacle beginning in this section of Scripture. The instructions begin with telling the Israelites to raise a contribution for God. As the people’s hearts are moved shall the contribution be raised (Exodus 25:2). *Application* God’s work is usually accomplished through His people and their generosity. He wants our freewill offerings as demonstrations of our devotion and love for Him even in the modern era. We are not necessarily raising the items requested here in Exodus, but God does move our hearts to give to His causes all the time if we care to listen to His Spirit within us. Who or what is God asking you to bless for His Kingdom’s sake today?

-The detailed descriptions of the Ark, the table of showbread, and the golden lampstand are given in the subsequent passages of this chapter. These complicated instructions give us a glimpse into God’s greatness and transcendent quality. These were to be carefully crafted items that could be transported, which demonstrated God’s willingness to go with the children of Israel wherever they ventured. He is not a God who leaves and forsakes. God is with us, Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14; 8:8-10, Matthew 1:23). *Application* Christ in you, the Holy Spirit’s presence, is our hope of glory (Colossians 1:27).

-God will speak from His mercy seat above the Ark of the Covenant. The testimony of His Word was to be placed into the Ark itself. The word for mercy here in the Hebrew is kaporet, which literally means “atonement,” giving the sense of wiping away, covering over, pacifying, making propitiation. Some of you may be familiar with the Jewish Yom Kippur, which is the Day of Atonement having the same basic Hebrew root for word meaning. *Application* Obviously this has significance of meaning to us as well. God gives His commands but sits enthroned upon a mercy seat that is all about forgiveness and peace. He has always provided a covering for those who would call out to Him in faith (Genesis 3:21; 6:14, Romans 10:13). What a gracious God we serve!

-So we can sum up here some incredible aspects of the LORD shown in these worship requirements. First, in the Ark we see His presence, which will go with them throughout their journey and bring them peacefully into His good graces. Second, the table of showbread is significant because of His provision. Jesus said that He was the bread of life (John 6:29-51). He is the ultimate One who provides us with what we need in relationship with the Father. God provides! Thirdly, the golden lampstand signifies light and a clearing away of the darkness. Jesus also said that He was the Light of the world (John 8:12). In light we can see the right way to go and not stumble around in the darkness. Christ is the way, the truth, and the life (John 14:6)!

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 25:9

Tuesday, September 3, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 24


Exodus 24

 

-Here in this chapter we see the people of Israel affirming the covenant with God. The important phrase that is repeated is this, “All that the LORD has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient (Exodus 24:7).” Moses writes down all the words of the LORD and there is a ceremonial altar built at the foot of the mountain with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel. Burnt offerings and peace offerings were offered to the LORD here. At this point some explanation must be made as to the meaning of these sacrifices. The animal’s shed blood was to represent the fact that one life had to be given for another as a substitute for the sinner. On one hand the blood symbolized the death of the animal, but it also represented the life that was spared as a result of the sacrifice. We see here that Moses sprinkled half of the blood of the animals on the alter to show that the sinner could once again approach God because something had died in their place. The other half of the blood was sprinkled on the people to represent the fact that the penalty of their sin had been paid and they could be reunited with God. This symbolic-ceremonial act would be repeated over and over again pointing to the once and for all time sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross for the sin of all mankind (Hebrews 7:27; 9:12; 10:10, 1 Peter 3:18). *Application* “Jesus paid it all, all to Him we owe, sin had left a crimson stain, He washed it white as snow.” (From Jesus Paid it All)

-It is interesting that Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel and saw God in splendid radiance, yet He did not stretch out His Hand against them. The Bible says they ate and drank in this presence (Exodus 24:11). This denotes how they were now in union with God because of their obedient commitment to the covenant and the sacrifices that were made.

-God calls Moses up on the mountain at this point to give him stone tablets with the law and commandments, which He had written for their instruction. The LORD’s appearance was glorious, like a consuming fire on the mountain top in cloud cover. Moses entered the midst of the cloud and was with the LORD for 40 days and nights. *Application* This communion with God is not just for servants like Moses. It can be for you as well. Jesus Christ has torn down the veil of separation between God and man and we can boldly approach His throne of grace in our time of need (Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38, Luke 23:45, 2 Corinthians 3:16, Hebrews 4:16; 6:19; 10:12-23). Abide in Him and He will show you his radiant glory in fresh and unique ways. God loves His children and wants to spend time with us. What an amazing concept to contemplate!

 

Verse to Memorize: Exodus 24:7

Monday, September 2, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 23


Exodus 23

 

-This chapter begins with some more sundry laws and regulations. These primarily revolve around justice being honest in one’s testimony and reports. The children of Israel are warned not to follow the masses in doing evil. This as we know is a tendency of man in his natural state and has had horrible consequences through the years. Jesus was a victim of mob mentality in His crucifixion (Matthew 27:20, Mark 15:11-15). One only has to think back to the scenes of Nazi Germany or the recent Arab Spring events to see the effects the masses have in stirring up a society to pervert justice and create chaos.

-Some laws for returning lost animals, even of the enemy, are given. The people are warned to stay from away from false charges and not to kill the innocent or the righteous. God will not acquit the guilty. *Application* We are all guilty under the curse of sin (Romans 3:23). Our only recourse is to trust in the Name of Jesus to forgive and cleanse us of all sin and unrighteousness (Ephesians 2:8-9). To reject Christ is the unpardonable sin and will incur the ultimate wrath of a righteous God (John 14:6).

-Taking a bribe is also outlawed because it blinds the eyes of the clear-sighted and subverts the cause of the just. Strangers are not to be oppressed, which the children of Israel should easily be able to identify with. Harvest laws are expounded upon for the purpose of the poor and the animals and rest for the land and its people. Other gods are not to even be mentioned or heard from the mouths of the Hebrews. *Application* God wants exclusive worship and deserves it.

-Three national feasts are presented unto the LORD in which all the males were to appear before the LORD. These are the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Harvest (First Fruits), and the Feast of the Ingathering at the end of the year when the fruit of the field is gathered in. The choicest of the fruits are to be presented before the LORD. *Application* God wants our absolute best effort in every situation. Do you give Him half-hearted devotion or are you completely His (2 Chronicles 16:9)?

-The steps in the conquest of the Promised Land are given next with what the borders of the land should be. An angel will be given to the Hebrews to guard and lead. They are to listen to his voice and obey completely because he is from the LORD. No rebellion will be tolerated. If they serve the LORD, they will be blessed in food abundance and sickness will be removed from their midst (Exodus 23:25). The LORD outlines the people groups who will be destroyed and how that will happen in steps. No covenant with these enemies of God is to be made and they are not allowed to live in the land because they will incite the children of Israel to sin against the LORD and that will become a snare. Sadly, the children of Israel eventually fail to follow through with this command and we still feel the results of this in the Middle East today. God foreknew what needed to happen for complete peace, and when the children of Israel did not obey, continual conflict and sin was inevitable. *Application* Only complete obedience to the LORD will be blessed completely.

 
Verse to Memorize: Exodus 23:33

Sunday, September 1, 2013

Exodus Bible Study Notes- Chapter 22


Exodus 22

 

-The law section continues with property rights and various and sundry laws for societal well being.

-Restitution is a main theme for property rights and thieves are given their pay back demands if and when they are caught. One interesting concept is the fact that there is to be no bloodguiltiness for murder when one is breaking into your house. *Application* I live in Texas, and we take full use of this biblical concept for the protection of property here in this conservative state. God gives us the right to defend our property from the thief, but it does not rid us of the horror of having to be violent in a situation in which someone is trying to violate us and our family. We pray these types of things never happen. Consistently pray Psalms 91 over your house and household.

-In the sundry law section we are faced with a diversity of situations and God’s view on them. A dowry is mandated, while sorcery (witchcraft, pharmakos in Greek from which we get pharmacy, kashaph in Hebrew), bestiality, and sacrificing to another god are all outlawed by punishment of death. Strangers are to be treated with kindness and no affliction, nor are widows and orphans. This will cause the anger of God to be on them and He will hear their cry. Money is not to be loaned to His people at interest. *Application* God did not want them to be creditors, greedy and money grubbing with selfish ambition. How do we do in this area?

-A curse on God or rulers of the people is outlawed. The offering of the firstborn of sons and animals is to be performed on the eighth day. It is interesting that Jesus’ parents offered Him up to the LORD in this manner (Luke 2:21-24). Jesus was a law abiding Jew in every point. Where He came into contention with the Jewish rulers where in their man made interpretations of God’s perfect laws. *Application* This raises the question of whether or not we as new covenant believers should follow all of God’s rules prescribed here in these law sections. My opinion here is that it would be good and right to obey them, but it is certainly not a requirement any more. The Jerusalem council, which you can read about in Acts chapter 15 gives what the early church required of Gentile converts to Christ Jesus. This has been the standard for the church in this age in which we live.

-The last law denoted in this chapter has to do with eating dead animals found out in the field. They were not to eat the flesh torn to pieces. This was to be left for the dogs. *Application* Sorry guys, it is not proper to eat road killJ. Nature will take care of them.

 

Verses to Memorize: Exodus 22:22, 28