-Grain offerings are the law emphasis here in the second chapter, which offer some interesting things to note. The grain offering accompanied the burnt offerings as a memorial gift of thanks to God for His provision and care. It was to remind the people of His devotion to them, and that they in turn owed their lives to Him. There are three types of grain offerings listed: 1) fine flour with oil poured on it and frankincense put on it, 2) oven baked unleavened cakes or wafers mixed or spread with oil, and 3) roasted unleavened kernels of fine flour grain made on the griddle mixed with oil. Oil represents the presence of God, which is in every offering. Frankincense signifies the clarification from the falsity of evil to the inmost spiritual truth of good in God (see http://www.biblemeanings.info/Words/Plant/Frankincense.htm). Leaven (yeast) is a bacterial fungus or mold, which symbolizes sin in the Jewish ritual system. The absence of leaven represents then an absence of sin, which is vital to coming into right relationship with God (Leviticus 2:11, honey is added here too as an agent of the fermentation process). Leaven grows in bread like sin grows in a life if left unchecked and unrepented. It is the perfect symbol of how damaging sin can be. “A little leaven leavens the whole lump of dough (1 Corinthians 5:6, Galatians 5:9).” These grain offerings are again “a soothing aroma to the LORD (Leviticus 2:2, 9),” which denotes His acceptance. Moreover, these grain offerings were to be seasoned with salt. This is a familiar biblical theme bridging the expanse of both the Old and New Testaments (Numbers 18:19, 2 Chronicles 13:5, Matthew 5:13, Mark 9:50, Colossians 4:6). This salt has implications as to the covenant of God with His people and them with Him. In this culture agreements were sealed with a presentational gift of salt to represent the strength and permanence of the contract. Therefore, when Jesus speaks of believers being the “salt of the earth,” He is giving us a permanent and powerful position in His Kingdom. Finally, the last portion of this chapter deals with the fact that everyone could be included in the grain offerings. Crushed heads of grain mixed with oil and baked was typical of the average person’s diet in this ancient culture. Even very poor people could afford to fulfill this offering by fire as a token of their respect and devotion to the LORD.
-*Application* Several times the text refers to these offerings as being offerings of fire. The fire of the Son, the Father, and the Holy Spirit burns away our sin and condemnation (Matthew 3:11, Deuteronomy 4:24, Acts 2:3-4, Romans 8:1-4). This fire of the LORD makes us holy, and our return offering of thanks is ever appreciated by the Holy One. Today offer your own sacrifice of praise unto God for all that He has done for you (Hebrews 13:15).
Verse to Memorize: Leviticus 2:1