Wednesday, December 26, 2012

Romans Bible Study Notes- Chapter 5

Romans 5


-Let’s now take a look at the beautiful truths of God’s demonstrated grace over the sins of mankind in this fifth chapter of Romans that is crucial for our understanding for forgiveness. Paul begins again with the fact that justification by faith is what saves us. This justification (a legal term declaring the guilty innocent and completely pardoned) gives us peace with God through the work of Jesus Christ (Romans 5:1). This grace allows us to stand and we can rejoice continually in the hope of this magnificent glory of God (Romans 5:2). This hope endures all things and allows us to rejoice even if life’s difficulties. For we can “rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us (Romans 5:3-5).” *Application* The Christian has hope, the world ultimately does not. Our belief in the Son of God and His work saves us from everything this messed up world can bring at us. Through Him we have complete and assured VICTORY!!!!

-Paul goes on to reflect on the state of the unregenerate before Christ comes in to do His saving work. The phrase, “While we were still sinners (Romans 5:8),” is important because it totally abandons the need for us to falsely think we did anything to deserve this mercy of the LORD. In other words, the author says that “While we were still weak (Romans 5:6),” Christ died for us, the ungodly and dysfunctional fallen. This happened at the right time, which in another place is called the fullness of time (pleroma, Galatians 4:4). The coming of Christ during the Roman era was the perfect, God-ordained, moment in history for His plans and His purposes. He never makes mistakes and orchestrated these events for His glory and the redemption of mankind to anyone who chooses to believe. The enemies of God can now be reconciled (reconnected, made right again) by the death of His Son. This reconciliation saves us by His resurrected and eternal life (Romans 5:10)! This gives us everlasting joy in our Lord Jesus Christ deserving of our continual praise and devotion (Romans 5:11)! *Application* This is the best news we’ve ever heard!!!! God died in our place that both He and us may life eternally starting at our moment of belief! We don’t have to wait for the afterlife to start celebrating. Our joy is now and should be absolutely contagious to those around us. We are the aroma of Christ (Genesis 8:21, 2 Corinthians 2:14-15)!

-Paul now develops the doctrine of the depravity of man through the sin of one man, Adam (Romans 5:12-21). Adam is contrasted by the Savior, Jesus Christ, and His work to make all alive spiritually who will trust in Him through His death, burial, and resurrection (the atoning work). This is clearly stated as “a free gift,” which negates the need for any boasting on our behalf as to earning salvation (Romans 5:15-17, 1 Corinthians 1:26-31, Ephesians 2:8-9). Notice the play on obedience in verse 19 as well. Whereas mankind proved disobedient resulting in the making sin, the Son’s obedience makes righteous those who will turn in faith to the Living Sacrifice. The Law came in to increase the trespass (in other words, give us a knowledge of what we do wrong), but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more (overflowed) leading to life eternally in righteousness through Jesus Christ our Lord (Romans 5:20-21). *Application* If you are a believer and have been one for some time, pause a few moments and re-reflect on God’s faithful provision and abundant life that He has freely given to you out of His grace and mercy. If you have never trusted the Savior, today is your opportunity for new life in Christ and forgiveness of all sin. Call on Him today! Don’t delay! A delay is a nay because of the uncertainty of time. The gospel is simple and free, though it will cost you your life. No worries, it is the best kind of life one could ever want. Remember we can have peace (Romans 5:1)!

Verse to Memorize- Romans 5:8, 10

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