-The Passover is initiated with its ordinances for the children of Israel and all who will become circumcised under the covenant. This becomes the beginning of months for the Jewish nation and sets the course for their national identity. It is to be a perpetual celebration and ordinance throughout their generations commemorating the work that the LORD did in bringing them out of slavery by His mighty right Hand. The firstborns of all the Egyptians and their beasts (livestock) were struck down dead and a mighty wailing cry arose in the land. The Hebrews were ushered out immediately with the favor, gold, silver, and clothing of their oppressors. “Thus they plundered the Egyptians (Exodus 12:36b).”
-*Application* A hermeneutical device used here for many interpreters is typology. What is history and observable in the Hebrew people is a “type,” which helps us understand a deeper spiritual meaning in our own experience with the LORD. The land of Egypt would represent our natural state, which is in disobedience and sin before the LORD and estranged from Him in bondage (slavery). Our release comes when we groan for God and His deliverance from this bondage (Exodus 2:23-24). God hears us and has mercy on us to come and save through His incarnate Son, Jesus Christ. Jesus is our Passover; see the types here depicted in Exodus as a pointing, or perhaps we shall say a tutor (teacher, educator) to help us understand better the work of Christ (Galatians 3:24-25). He is the perfect Lamb of God (John 1:29) who was killed for our transgressions in a substitutionary atonement so that the LORD will “Passover” our sins and iniquities. The blood which was applied represents the shed blood of Jesus on the cross. The shape of the lintel and two doorposts where the blood was to be applied forms the shape of a cross. Anyone who was under the blood was safe from the death angel. This applied not just to the Jews, but anyone who would apply the blood. God made no distinction here; it was open for all. These were under His blessing and were released from death. Salvation was theirs and they were freed from their bondage. A release was given. In future chapters the Christian walk is further defined in this typology hermeneutic. Read on!
-430 years to the day when they arrived in Egypt, the children of Israel left with all the hosts of the LORD. God had come through big time and the slaves were finally set free. But, this is only the beginning as the 600,000 men (not including children and probably women) ventured away from their captivity. They went out with rejoicing seeing the awesome and mighty Hand of the LORD with all they owned plus their plunder, but the adventure was just beginning.
Verse to Memorize: Exodus 12:12