Friday, July 15, 2016

Bible Study Notes in 1 Samuel- Chapter 29

1 Samuel 29

-The scene shifts back to David, who finds himself proceeding with his men in the rear of the Philistines flanks as they gathered to Aphek. He was with his lord Achish in support, but Divine intervention took place so that he, in integrity, need not raise his hand against his own countrymen. The commanders of the Philistines, who were proceeding on towards the battle by hundreds and by thousands, asked emphatically, “What are these Hebrews doing here?” Achish defended David as being a faithful man who had been at his side for not only days, but years. He found no fault in David from the day he deserted the kingdom of Saul for their nation. However, this did not appease the commanders of the Philistines, and they became angry with Achish over the matter. They desired that David go back to his assigned place by the king with no involvement with the looming battle. They feared that he and his men may become an adversary to them, and favor the kingdom of Israel taking the heads of Philistines when push came to shove. They no doubt remembered Goliath’s death and all the victories this warrior of Yahweh had accomplished over their people as they recalled the infamous refrain concerning David’s prowess, “Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands (1 Samuel 29:1-5).”

-So, Achish summoned David and told him that even though he had been completely upright in all his activities with his Philistine neighbors in their war pursuits, which pleased the king, the lords would not accept his participation in this particular fight. He told David to “return” and “go in peace” so that no further disunity occur on the Philistine side. David did not understand their position asking, “But what have I done?” He recounted his faithfulness to his lord in his time of distress against his enemies. But Achish lugubriously replied, “I know that you are pleasing in my sight, like an angel of God; nevertheless, the commanders of the Philistines have said, ‘He must not go up with us to the battle.’” He then told him to arise early in the morning with his men when there was sunlight so that they could depart. David complied that next morning to return to the land of the Philistines back to the south and west. Meanwhile, the Philistines continued on up to the Jezreel for the decisive battle in King Saul’s life (1 Samuel 29:6-11).

-*Application* What I believe we should see from this passage is how the LORD rewards our faithfulness and works things out when we act with integrity. His Divine Hand is upon everything in our lives when we surrender to His will and go His way as followers in the Kingdom of Heaven. We must allow circumstances to play out in our own lives with authenticity and uprightness, even when there seems to be conflict and contradiction. We must be persons of our word, and live in subjection to God’s authority for what He wants us to do in every situation. It’s not always easy, but it works. Trust the Sovereign.

Verse to Memorize: 1 Samuel 29:9

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