Wednesday, June 3, 2015

Bible Study Notes in Leviticus- Chapter 22

Leviticus 22


-Chapter 22 starts out with some additional sundry laws for the priests given by the LORD to Moses. God tells Aaron and his sons to be “careful with the holy gifts of the sons of Israel, which they dedicate to Me (Leviticus 22:2).” They are NOT to profane His Holy Name for He is their LORD who saves them and sanctifies them (Leviticus 22:2, 3, 8, 9, 16, 31-33). They are warned not to have any “uncleanness” as they accept gifts and eat of them. Otherwise they profane the LORD’s altar and bear sin. The stranger (zuwr- alien, foreigner), or sojourner, with the priest was not allowed to eat of the holy gift. However, slaves and children could. Even a daughter who was widowed or divorced with no children that had come back to live with her father could partake. Men who were not priests that ate of the holy gifts unintentionally could add to their total a fifth of it and return the favor to the priests (Leviticus 22:14).

-The animals that were accepted for sacrifice were then covered by the LORD to Moses. Cattle, sheep, and goats that were male, perfect, and over seven days old could be used for votive (neder- an avowed sacrifice) or any of the free will offerings presented as a burnt offering. No defects were allowed, which included blindness, fractures, being maimed, running sores, eczema, scabs, and any testicles problems (Leviticus 22:17-24). These were practically the same requirements listed in the previous chapter for the priests themselves (see Leviticus 21:17-21). The foreshadowing is obvious as it points to the perfect Savior, Jesus Christ, and His sacrificial atonement with no sin or blemish. No food from a foreigner was allowed to be accepted for the LORD. It was considered corrupted and defected (Leviticus 22:25). Finally, some of the eating requirements of the priests were reiterated with the charge to keep the ways of the LORD.

-*Application* Our Father is Heaven has just and fair requirements for keeping His people pure and undefiled. Though we have transgressed and fall short of His glory, He has given us His own “perfect” sacrifice on the cross through Jesus Christ, His Son (Romans 3:23; 5:1, 8; 6:23, 1 Peter 3:18). Give praise to God today for all of His perfections generously bestowed upon us, His forgiven children, gained through our accepting faith in Him.


Verse to Memorize: Leviticus 22:21

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